HOME
HISTORY
BIOGRAPHIES
ANALYTICS
MAPS
LIBRARY
LINKS
ABOUT ME

 

MYTHOLOGY
MILITARY HISTORY
CAPITALS
CHURCHES
COINS
DIASPORA-SPYURQ
KINGS
GALLERY
KARABAKH
JAVAKHK

 

 

 

 

 

Janissary

Janissary

Armenian boys recruited to fight for Islam 

Janissaries (Yanichars)

 

 Author: Smbat Minasyan - E-mail

 Sultan Murad IIt was Sultan Murad (Murat) I (1359-1389) during the latter part of the Fourteenth century who transformed the Turkish army from mere plunderers into a regimented military organization. To bolster his army's strength Murad initiated a program to recruit young boys from Armenian and Greek families and developed them into a well trained, highly disciplined and coordinated militia and called it Janissaries (new soldiers). Each Armenian family was required to give its brightest son to be enlisted as a Janissary for the services of the Sultan, similar to the conscription of the Memluks from the Caucasus centuries earlier. The Janissaries were brought up as Moslems imbued with an unquestioned loyalty to the Sultan and became members of a privileged military elite. As fighters by avocation they lived their lives with uncompromising devotion to the cause of Islam. In times of peace they kept order and guarded the imperial palaces. In times of war their ferocious brutality proved to be vital for the conduct of the war.

A Janissary drawing by Gentile Bellini (15th century)

Janissaries

The Janissaries Patrol Izmir

The Ottoman Empire in the 17th century

 

Year

Number of Janissaries in Ottoman Empire
1514 10156
1526 7885
1567-68 12798
1609 37627
1660-61 54222
1665 49556
1669 51437
1670 49868
1680 54222

 

SOURCES

armenian-history.com

 

 

BACK HOME UP NEXT

 

Reproduction in full or in part is prohibited
 

Copyright2003-2008, Yerevan, Armenia

All rights reserved 

Smbat Minasyan : E-mail

Armenian Top Web Sites Statistics & Rating