OHANDJANIAN, HAMAZASP (HAMO) (Akhalkalak 1873 – Cairo 1947) Elementary
schooling locally; sent to Russian school in Tiflis in 1883. Thence to
Moscow, to study medicine. Participated in revolutionary activities;
sent back to Tiflis as a result. To Lausanne for further medical
studies, 1899–1902. Returned to Transcaucasia to practice medicine,
mainly in Baku; became a member of the
eastern Bureau of Dashnaktsutiun in 1905. Co-ordinated relations with
Russian and Georgian revolutionaries during Armeno–Tatar conflict. To
Vienna for 4th congress of Dashnaktsutiun, 1907. Caught up in tsarist
persecution of Dashnaks; sent to Novocherkask in 1909. Chief defendant
at the trial of Dashnaktsutiun, 1912; exiled to Siberia in 1913.
Married Rupina, fellow Armenian revolutionary, while in exile.
Returned to Transcaucasia in 1915; in Van to give medical assistance
in May. Commissar for public welfare in Transcaucasian Commissariat,
November 1917; in same month chosen by Dashnaktsutiun to be one of its
representatives at Constituent Assembly (Petrograd). Delegated to seek
German mediation between Armenia and the Turks, May 1918. To Berlin in
June as quasi-ambassador, seeking recognition and protection for
Armenia. To Geneva in November. Member of Armenian republic's
delegation at Paris peace conference. To Berne to put Armenian case to
Second International, February 1919. To Armenia; appointed foreign
Khatisian's Cabinet, January 1920.
Took over premiership after May 1920 Communist uprising; his
administration saw fierce conflicts with the Communists. Resigned
after the fall of Kars. Jailed after the Sovietisation of Armenia;
released by February rebellion. To Persia after the return of the
Communists, thence to Egypt. A leading member of the Dashnak Bureau
until his death. Opposed Gen. Dro's activities during the second world
war. Known as Mher.