Author: Smbat Minasyan - E-mail
The Armenian heroes of the war of independence
Two of the thirteen military leaders of the Hungarian
War of Independence of 1848 who suffered martyrdom on 6 October, 1849,
Erno Kiss and Vilson Lazar were of Armenian nationality.
It wasn't well known, that in 1848-49 how the
Hungarian Armenians assisted the Hungarian nation's fight almost
beyond their ability.
The representatives of the almost entirely Armenian
populated Transylvanian cities at that time, Szamosujvar and
Erzsebetvaros, how enthusiastically advocated in favour of the
unification of Hungary and Transylvania on the Diet of Transylvania in
1848. Armenians welcomed the liberating Honveds of General Bem first
at the end of December, 1848 and again in March, with a feeling of
great joy and tables laid with food. But soon the Emperial forces
defeated them and many Armenians died.
The Hungarian Armenian population lived not only
in these two cities. According to the contemporary statistics in 1848
the Hungarian (2000) and Transilvanian (10,000) Armenian population
consisted of up to 12,000 inhabitants.
The Hungarian Armenians were mostly the descendants of
the Armenians who had settled down in Transylvania in 1672. The
reasons for their appearance in Hungary and being dispersed throughout
the country can be traced back to their professions. Being mostly
merchants and craftsmen, they continuously moved to different regions
of Hungary and Transilvania from the 18th
18th century many Armenian families got financial and political power.
were about 70 Hungarian Armenian officers fighting under the national
flag in 1848-49.
Altogether this might not seem to be a big number compared to
approximately 11-12,000 Honved officers of the war. On the other hand,
if we note, that these 70 officers cam from a total Armenian
population of only 12,000. Beside Armenian officers there were also
many Armenian soldiers.