NZHDEH, General GAREGIN (G.
Ter-Harutiunian) (Nakhichevan 1886 – Siberia 1957) Joined the
Dashnak party in
his teens. Enrolled in a military academy in Sofia (Bulgaria) in 1905, at age of
19; graduated in 1907. Returned to Transcaucasia; imprisoned by tsarist
authorities; escaped from jail in 1911 and sought refuge in Bulgaria. Joined
Gen. Andranik's brigade fighting in the 1912 Balkan war; served as a second
lieutenant. Later given command of a Bulgarian brigade. To Transcaucasia in
1914; joined the Armenian volunteers. For two years adjutant to General Dro.
Commander of the 3rd volunteer battalion. Fought with Gen.
Karakilisa in the battle of Sardarabad, May 1918. One of the organisers of the
republic's army after independence. Appointed commander to suppress Tatar
rebellion in Goghtan (Nakhichevan), autumn 1919. Commander in Karabagh and
Zangezur in 1920. Fought Bolshevik and Tatar forces almost continuously from
July 1920 to July 1921; commander-in-chief of Lernahayastan (Zangezur)
April–July 1921. Crossed into Persia; thence to Bulgaria. Member of Dashnak
Central Committee of Bulgaria. Invited by the US Central Committee to go to
America as a field-worker in 1933. Formed Dashnak youth societies into H.H.D.
Tseghakronner (= A.R.F. Race-devotees); name soon changed to Armenian Youth
Federation of America. Expelled from Dashnak party for extreme views, though
Dashnak papers continued to print his articles. To Berlin in 1942; member of the
'Armenian National Council'. With Dro in the Crimea and North Caucasus. To
Bulgaria in 1944. Sent to Siberia on capture by the Russians. Nzhdeh