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Armenian-French-Iranian archaeological expedition excavates the oldest street of Yerevan

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Armenian-French-Iranian archaeological expedition has discovered the most ancient street of Yerevan in the territory of the Urartian city of Erebuni, head of the Armenian team of the expedition Mikayel Badalyan told reporters Thursday, July 7.

"This year, a 30-meter-long street with beautiful tiles has been found near the temple of Khaldi in Erebuni museum-reserve. It is 2700 years old,” Novosti Armenia cited Badalyan as saying.

Urartu - Van

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kingdom of urartu map

A Redoubtable Foe

One of the great chapters in the history of Armenia is the epic of the monarchy which the Assyrians called Urartu but which was known to the Hebrews as Ararat. Herodotus called its people Alarodians. Urartu is regarded by history today as one of the earlier incarnations of Armenia. In Urartu was manifest not only the indomitable fighting spirit of the later Armenians, but also the same tendency towards development of a higher culture. As a noted authority, H. A. B. Lynch, remarks, Urartu was "no obscure dynasty which slept secure behind the mountains, but a splendid monarchy which for more than two centuries rivalled the claims of Assyria to the dominion of the ancient world."Urartu, 

Armenian boys recruited to fight for Islam - Janissaries (Yanichars)

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Janissaries
Janissaries

Sultan Murad IIt was Sultan Murad (Murat) I (1359-1389) during the latter part of the Fourteenth century who transformed the Turkish army from mere plunderers into a regimented military organization. To bolster his army's strength Murad initiated a program to recruit young boys from Armenian and Greek families and developed them into a well trained, highly disciplined and coordinated militia and called it Janissaries (new soldiers).  

Each Armenian family was required to give its brightest son to be enlisted as a Janissary for the services of the Sultan, similar to the conscription of the Memluks from the Caucasus centuries earlier. The Janissaries were brought up as Moslems imbued with an unquestioned loyalty to the Sultan and became members of a privileged military elite. As fighters by avocation they lived their lives with uncompromising devotion to the cause of Islam. In times of peace they kept order and guarded the imperial palaces. In times of war their ferocious brutality proved to be vital for the conduct of the war.

HOVHANNES AIVAZOVSKY (AIVAZYAN) - Ivan Aivazovsky - Հովհաննես Այվազովսկի

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Armenian (հայերեն)

Hovhannes Aivazovsky (Ayvazyan) - Famous Armenian painter who knew the sea and loved it sincerely.

Hovhannes Aivazovsky (Ayvazyan) Hovhannes Aivazovsky (Ayvazyan) Aivazovsky was born on 17 July 1817 (29 July New Style) in the city of Theodosia in the Crimea (There was a big Armenian colony). His father  was well-educated man. Hecalled himself Haivazosky.

Drawing ability of young Aivazovsky attracted the attention of A. Kaznacheyev, the town-governor, who helped Aivazovsky to enter the high school at Simferopol and in 1833, the St Petersburg Academy of Arts.At the age of twenty he graduated from the Art Academy of St. Petersburg with a gold medal.  At the age of 25 he have already gained international fame.

Kingdom of Syunik

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Kingdom of SyunikThe Kingdom of Syunik (Սյունիքի թագավորություն), was one of the medieval Armenian kingdoms. It was located on the territory of Syunik, Artsakh, Gardman and Gegharkunik. Contemporary sources referred to it as the Khachen. The royal house of Artsakh was a cadet branch of the ancient Syunid dynasty and was named Khachen, after its main stronghold. The kingdom emerged when Hovhannes-Senekerim acquired the royal title in 1000.

The kingdom was under the protectorate of the Bagratuni kings of Armenia.